An unusal case of hematemesis in a patient with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Krishna Prasad Anne, VidyaSagar C. R., Prasad K. Reddy

Abstract


Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterised by hyperglycemia, with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and  protein metabolism. Here is the report of an unusual case of hematemesis in a patient with type 1 diabetes mellitus.Hematemesis refers to vomiting of blood and can be explained as the backward flow of blood through the upper gastrointestinal tract.Hematemesis is an extremely serious condition that should be treated at the earliest.Diabetics are prone to opportunistic infections by Candida, which can range from oral candidiasis to oesophageal candidiasis. Oesophageal candidiasis causes erosion of the stomach and oesophageal wall which can lead to gastritis and hematemesis.


Keywords


Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Hematemesis, Oesophageal Candidiasis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Wolfe JD, Simmons DH.Haemoptysis. Diagnosis and management (Medical Progress). West J Med Nov 1977; 127: 383-390.

GentileS, Turco S, Oliviero B, Torella R. Role of autonomic neuropathy as a risk factor for H.Pylori infection in symptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diab.Res.Clin.Prac 1998; 42:41- 48.

Laine L, Boncini M. Esophageal disease in human immunodeficiency virus infection. Arch Intern Med 1994; 154: 1577-1582.

Rosa D.D., Pasqualotto A.C. & Denning D.W. Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis and oesophageal cancer. Med. Mycol2007; 28:1-7.

Newton CA, Raskin P. Diabetic Ketoacidosis in type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus: Clinical and biochemical differences. Arch Intern Med 2004; 164: 1925-1931.

Hollis JB, Castell DO, BraccomRL.Esophageal function in diabetes mellitus and its relation to Peripheral neuropathy.Gastroenterology 1977; 73:1098-1102.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7439/ijasr.v1i1.1566

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.