Study of subcutaneous fat, BMI in diabetic and non-diabetic adolescents

Jagdish Vishnoi, B. S. Bomb, K. Ranjith Babu


Introduction: Diabetes is a Metabolic Disorder which has got prime focus in the present days. An increase in body fat is generally associated with an increase in risk of metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension and dyslipidaemia. Prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity is further adding the severity. Therefore, any measures that could prevent or delay the development of diabetes are urgently needed. The present study is focused on early detection of the occurrence of Diabetes so that its control can be more effective because of early intervention.

Materials & Methods: 50 people with increased blood sugar levels of age group of 16-20 years of both the sexes are selected randomly as subjects and 50 people with normal blood sugar levels are randomly selected as control group. Primary data of all the subjects like name, age, sex, occupation, address etc., are obtained as per the proforma. Calculation of Body Fat Percentage (%BF) involves measuring of skin fold thickness at four sites. Body Mass Index (BMI) calculated from Height and Weight of an individual.

Results: The mean value of BMI in Diabetic group is found be 25.64Kg/m2 (SD 2.22), while in Non-Diabetic group it is found to be 23.35Kg/m2 (SD 3.95). The mean value of %BF in Diabetic group is 18.20 (SD 1.62), while in Non-Diabetic group it is found to be 17.36 (SD 1.41). The mean values of RBS in Diabetic group are found be 157.98mg/dl (SD 30.37) and 120.66mg/dl (SD 21.44) in Non-Diabetic group.

Discussion: In the present study, we observed the correlation of increased subcutaneous fat with increased plasma glucose levels. Increased subcutaneous fat is considered to be an aggravating factor for early development of diabetes. Increased subcutaneous fat is also responsible for increasing the severity of diabetes there by, worsening the condition of the person. By knowing the body subcutaneous fat, the chances of occurrence of diabetes can be known.


Diabetes, Subcutaneous Fat, Body Fat, BMI, Blood Sugar

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