A prospective observational study of drug compliance among hypertension patients in a tertiary care hospital.

Ram S Kaulgud, Rekha Arun Walwekar, Vijayalaxmi P B

Abstract


Objectives: 1) To determine the proportion of treatment compliance among hypertensive study participants. 2) To identify social demographic factors that affect treatment compliance among hypertensive study participants. 

Methodology: Study was descriptive cross- sectional design, which was conducted in K.I.M.S. Hubli. The study population was hypertensive patients who are on antihypertensives, attended the medicine OPD. A total of 253 patients were included in the study and the study used simple random sampling. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. P ≤0.05 was considered statistical significant. 

Results: 160 (63.2%) participants had good compliance and 93 (36.8%) participants had poor compliance to treatment. Patients with formal education level had high good compliance (61.9%) compared to those without education (20.6%). Employed were more compliant (70%) compared with unemployed (28.1%). Participants on 2 antihypertensives were more compliant (58.8%) than participants on single or >2 antihypertensives. Participants without alcohol consumption were more compliant (85%) than who consumes alcohol. Participants who received advice from treating doctor were more compliant (81.9%) than participants without advice.

Conclusions and Recommendation: This study showed low compliance to antihypertensive treatment. It is recommended that hypertensive patients should be counseled regularly to improve the compliance to antihypertensive drugs.


Keywords


drug compliance, rural population, hypertension

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7439/ijbr.v8i7.4171

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