Assessment of psychological health profile in patients with temporomandibular disorders

Swati Dahiya, Kondajji Ramchandra Vijayalakshmi

Abstract


Background: The management of TMD requires multidisciplinary approach on account of its complex and multifactorial etiology. Although the role of psychological factors has been considered in the etiology, they are often unattended in the dental set up. Hence, realizing the paucity the study was planned.

Aims: To assess psychological health profile in patients with temporomandibular disorders.

Material and method: 40 subjects who met the set inclusion and exclusion criteria were subjected for evaluation of sign and symptoms of TMD followed by psychiatric evaluation by Dukes health profile scale.

Result: A significant association of signs and symptoms of TMD including inter-incisal distance, clicking, TMJ pain, referred pain, muscle tenderness and deflection with anxiety and depression was found (p value <.05). Also, there was statistically significant association between inter-incisal distance, clicking, referred pain and locking with pain and disability scores. (p value <.05).

Conclusions: This study demonstrated significant association of anxiety and depression with signs & symptoms of TMD.


Keywords


Temporomandibular disorders, Anxiety, Depression, Duke

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7439/ijbr.v8i12.4471

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