Estimation of Heart Rate from Vocal Frequency Based on Support Vector Machine
Heart rate (HR) is one of the vital signs used to assess our physical condition; it would be beneficial if HR could easily be obtained without special medical instruments. In this study, a feature of vocal frequency was used to estimate HR, because it can easily be recorded with a common device such as a smartphone. Previous studies proposed that a support vector machine (SVM) that adopted the inner product as the kernel function was efficient for estimating HR to a certain extent. However, these studies did not present the effectiveness of other kernel functions, such as the hyperbolic tangent function. Therefore, this study identified a combination of kernel functions of the kernel ridge regression (KRR). In addition, features of vocal frequency to effectively estimate HR were investigated. To evaluate the effectiveness, experiments were conducted with two subjects. In the experiment, 60 sets of HRs and voice data were measured per subject. To identify the most effective kernel function, four kernel functions (the inner function, Gaussian function, polynomial function, and hyperbolic tangent function) were compared. Moreover, effective features of vocal frequency were selected with the sequential feature selection (SFS) method. As a consequence, the hyperbolic tangent function worked best, and high-frequency components of voice were efficient. However, results of this research indicated that effective vocal spectrum components to estimate HR differ depending on prediction models.
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