Study of the effect of intercropping on the physicochemical characteristics of castor bean,soybean, cow bean and common bean seeds after cultured in two agroecological zones of Cameroon
In order to promote the cultivation of castor bean, soybean, cow bean and d u bean in Cameroon while preserving food safety, the effect of the combinationof the crop characteristics physicochemical seeds of this plant are studied in Laboratory after the cultivation of castor in combination with these three field grain legumes in Sudano-Guinean zone of Adamaoua and in the Eastern Bimodal Forest at Cameroon in 2015 and 2016. The physical characteristics such as length, width, thickness, seed mass and weight of one thousand seeds and chemical properties are the s of castor seeds (the moisture content, the content ofcastor bean, the mass density, the consumer acid, iodine, and saponification of esters) and Leguminosae (the protein content, the sugar content and the ash content) are evaluated. The results show that the physico-chemical properties of castor seeds and legumes do not vary, regardless of the study zone, thus showing that these seeds can be grown in different zones without losing their characteristics. Castor bean contents of the grain isvaried from 45.27 ± 1.04 to 47.84 ± 1.02 g / 100g DM ; the iodine value of 67.12 ± 1.12 to 71.12 ± 1.21 gI 2 / 100g ; saponification number of 171, 45 ± 1.23 to 172.97 ± 0,97 mgKOH / g ; the acid number of 2.9 ±0.0 1 to 3.7 ±0.01 mgKOH/g and the index of ester 168,22 ±1.33 to 169.27 ±1.19 mgKOH/g. In Legumes studied the Protein content ranged from 11.13 ± 1.1g /100g DM in common bean to 32.39 ± 0.7 g / 100g DM in soybean, the sugar content of 31.74 ± 0.9 g /100g DM in common bean at 65.44 ±1.1g /100g DM in cow bean and ash content ranged from 1.53 ±0.7 in common bean to 4.23 ±0.2 in soybean.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeThe Effect of Open Access).