Anatomical study of high bifurcation of common carotid artery in human cadavers

  • Prashant Munjamkar Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra 44000
  • Anil Sahebrao Pungle Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra 44000
  • N. Y. Kamdi Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra 44000
Keywords: Bifurcation, Anatomical variations, Common carotid artery (CCA), Superior border of thyroid cartilage, Linguofacial trunk, Occipitiauricular trunk


Aim and Objectives: The present research was carried out with an objective to study the level of bifurcation and its anatomical variations of common carotid artery (CCA).

Methods: Fifty human cadavers (24 males and 26 females) were dissected and the level of bifurcation and its anatomical variations of CCA were noted and results were analyzed statistically.

Results: The level of bifurcation of CCA at the superior border of thyroid cartilage was noted in 68 % of cases while higher and lower level of bifurcation was seen in 22% and 10% of the specimens respectively. High and low level bifurcation of CCA was highly significant on right side compare to left.

Conclusion: The bifurcation of common carotid artery need not always be at the level of upper border of thyroid cartilage. It can be at either higher or lower in origin, higher being more common. The awareness in the variation of bifurcation level is necessary to avoid undue complications during the surgeries and procedures done in head and neck region.


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