A review of the important pharmacological activities of Nelumbo nucifera: A prodigious rhizome

  • Hammad Ahmed Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University Clifton Karachi 75600 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7339-0690
  • Gahzal Hakani Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University Clifton Karachi 75600, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Aslam Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University Clifton Karachi 75600, Pakistan and 2Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sindh, Jamshoro Pakistan
  • Najeeb Khatian Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University Clifton Karachi 75600, Pakistan.
Keywords: Nelumbo nucifera, aquatic herb, leprosy, cancer, nerve exhaustion

Abstract

Objectives: Nelumbo nucifera also known as Lotus, an aquatic perennial crop, belongs to the family of Nelumbonaceae. It is cultivated throughout the world as an important nutritious vegetable. The objective of this review article is to discuss therapeutic and pharmacological benefits of various bioactive compounds isolated from different parts of this miraculous plant.

Methodology: In this review article we have discussed the current pharmaceutical, phytochemical and pharmacological information about this well-known plant species by gathering the information from different research articles.

Discussion: In this study we have focused on the rhizome of Nelumbo nucifera because it possesses high economic value due to the abundance of bioactive compounds that have a miraculous health promoting effect on the human body. These bioactive compounds include: alkaloids, lipids, xanthophylls, nuciferine, phospholipids, carotenes flavonoids, aporphines etc. However, the rhizome of Nelumbo nucifera is most commonly used in the preparation of traditional food item most commonly in China and Asian countries. Mainly Nelumbo nucifera is cultivated in Japan and China, however, it is inhabitant of India, China and Japan. It is most commonly found in ponds as it is an aquatic herb. Due to its sweet fragrance of the flower it is considered as the national flower of India. Nelumbo nucifera is used in the treatment of leprosy, cancer, tissue inflammation, skin diseases and most prominently as an antidote of poison.

Conclusion: This review highlights several pharmacological and phytochemical studies that have demonstrated the therapeutic potential of Nelumbo nucifera. This needs to be explored further through clinical studies on human volunteers to provide evidence-based therapeutics.

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Author Biography

Hammad Ahmed, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University Clifton Karachi 75600

Assistant Professor

Department of Pharmacology,

Faculty of Pharmacy,

Ziauddin University,

Clifton, Karachi.

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Published
2019-01-13
How to Cite
Ahmed, H., Hakani, G., Aslam, M., & Khatian, N. (2019). A review of the important pharmacological activities of Nelumbo nucifera: A prodigious rhizome. International Journal of Biomedical and Advance Research, 10(01), e5007. https://doi.org/10.7439/ijbar.v10i01.5007
Section
Review Article