Hematological study of iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy in Central Gujarat
Introduction: Prevalence of anemia in pregnant women is most common in India and the prevalence averages 56%. Iron Deficiency Anemia has been claimed to be predominant cause of anemia in pregnant women. This study was intended to study iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women whose hemoglobin level is less than 10gm%.
Methods: 100 cases of pregnant women with hemoglobin less than 10gm% were included. All the hematological parameters including RDW were obtained through analyzer. Peripheral smear stained with field stain was evaluated for morphology. Serum ferritin was done for confirmation of Iron deficiency anemia.
Results: Out of 100casesofsuspectedanemia, 65 cases (65%) were diagnosed as iron deficient. Most of the cases were in the age group of 18-25 years.
Conclusion: In conclusion, with increasing severity, MCV and serum ferritin decreases and it is sensitive enough to diagnose Iron Deficiency Anemia. We have found that there is statistically significant association between RDW and Serum Ferritin in diagnosing Iron Deficiency Anemia.
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