A Study of CT Findings in children with neurotuberculosis

  • Rashmi Alva Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka,
  • Prem Alva Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, AJ Institute of Medical Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka
Keywords: tuberculosis, meningitis, children, CT scan

Abstract

Objectives: To study the computed tomography (CT) features of tuberculous meningitis in children.

Methods: A total of 45 patients diagnosed with neurotuberculosis were included. Cranial CT scans were done in these patients with and without IV contrast. The CT results were evaluated.

Results: CT findings were abnormal in 41 (91.11%) and normal in 4 (8.89%). Basal exudate was the most common finding, seen in 25 (55.55%) cases followed by hydrocephalus in 15 (33.33%) cases. Infarcts were seen in 8 (17.77%), tuberculoma in 6 (13.33%), cerebral oedema in 3 (6.66%) children, cerebral atrophy and cerebral abscess were 1 (2.22%) each.

Conclusion: CT is abnormal in the great majority of patients with neurotuberculosis and can aid in the diagnosis. Basal enhancement was the most common finding in our study.

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Author Biography

Rashmi Alva, Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka,
Assistant Professor, Dept of Pediatrics
Published
2014-11-30
How to Cite
1.
Alva R, Alva P. A Study of CT Findings in children with neurotuberculosis. IJBR [Internet]. 30Nov.2014 [cited 10Dec.2018];5(11):685-7. Available from: https://ssjournals.com/index.php/ijbr/article/view/1108
Section
Original Research Articles