A Study of CT Findings in children with neurotuberculosis
Objectives: To study the computed tomography (CT) features of tuberculous meningitis in children.
Methods: A total of 45 patients diagnosed with neurotuberculosis were included. Cranial CT scans were done in these patients with and without IV contrast. The CT results were evaluated.
Results: CT findings were abnormal in 41 (91.11%) and normal in 4 (8.89%). Basal exudate was the most common finding, seen in 25 (55.55%) cases followed by hydrocephalus in 15 (33.33%) cases. Infarcts were seen in 8 (17.77%), tuberculoma in 6 (13.33%), cerebral oedema in 3 (6.66%) children, cerebral atrophy and cerebral abscess were 1 (2.22%) each.
Conclusion: CT is abnormal in the great majority of patients with neurotuberculosis and can aid in the diagnosis. Basal enhancement was the most common finding in our study.
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