Comparative study of 0.375% bupivacaine and 0.375% ropivacaine in brachial plexus block via supraclavicular approach

  • Hetal Rathod Department of Anaesthesiology, S.B.K.S. M.I. & R.C., Vadodara, Gujarat
  • Hetal Parikh Department of Anaesthesiology, S.B.K.S. M.I. & R.C., Vadodara, Gujarat
  • R. M. Upadhayaya Department of Anaesthesiology, S.B.K.S. M.I. & R.C., Vadodara, Gujarat

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the effect of 35 ml of 0.375% bupivacaine and 35 ml of 0.375% ropivacaine in supraclavicular brachial plexus block. Materials and Methods: In this prospective double blind study, sixty patients of ASA- I and II scheduled for upper limb orthopedic surgeries were randomly divided into Group B and Group R which received 35 ml of 0.375% bupivacaine and 0.375% ropivacaine respectively. Sensory and motor block onsetand duration and duration of analgesia were evaluated statistically using unpaired t-test and p-value 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The sensory and motor onset (mean-minutes) was 21.13 and 25.87 in group Band was 13.3 and 21.37 in group R respectively. The duration of sensory and motor block (mean- minutes) was 480.3 and 472.8 in group R, and 472.1 and460.2 in group B The duration of post-operative analgesia was 504.2 minutes in Group R and 499.6 minutes in Group B. Conclusion: Group R provided statistically significant and rapid onset of sensory and motor blockade than Group B for upper limb surgeries. There were no significant differences in duration of sensory and motor blockade, any complication or side effects. Ropivacaine may be a preferred option because of its higher therapeutic index.

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Published
2015-02-28
How to Cite
1.
Rathod H, Parikh H, Upadhayaya R. Comparative study of 0.375% bupivacaine and 0.375% ropivacaine in brachial plexus block via supraclavicular approach. IJBR [Internet]. 28Feb.2015 [cited 21Feb.2019];6(2):77-2. Available from: https://ssjournals.com/index.php/ijbr/article/view/1601
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Original Research Articles