Detection and Epidemiology of Vulvovaginal Candidiasis among Asymptomatic Pregnant Women Attending a Tertiary Hospital in Ogbomoso, Nigeria

  • Akinbami Abidemi Nurat Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State
  • Gbolahan Ola Babalola Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
  • Mujeeb Olushola Shittu Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4791-1517
  • Mikhail Aramide Tijani Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
  • Saheed Ayodeji Adekola Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
Keywords: Vulvovaginal candidiasis, pregnant women, Ogbomoso.

Abstract

Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is caused by the overgrowth of Candida species, most commonly Candida albicans in the vagina and is characterized by curd-like vaginal discharge, itching and erythema. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and to emphasize the need for proper detection of vulvovaginal candidiasis among asymptomatic pregnant women. A total of 140 pregnant women aged between 20-49 years and of gestation age of 14-36 weeks were recruited for this study. High Vaginal swabs were collected under aseptic condition. Samples collected were analyzed within one hour of collection using microscopy and culture methods. The isolates were further subjected to Germ tube test (GTT) and chromogenic agar test (CHROMagar). The rate of Candida infection was found to be 25% (n=35) among the pregnant women. The peak age of infection was 20-29 years 33.8% (n=26), no woman between the age 40 to 49 years had candidiasis. Candidiasis was significantly detected in pregnant women in the second trimester compared to those in the first (?2=5.952; p <0.05) and third trimesters ((?2=9.282; p <0.05). This study revealed a high incidence of asymptomatic vulvovaginal candidiasis among pregnant women in Ogbomoso and various Candida spp responsible for VVC were identified.

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Author Biographies

Gbolahan Ola Babalola, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science
Mujeeb Olushola Shittu, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
Department of Medical Laboratory Services,
Mikhail Aramide Tijani, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Saheed Ayodeji Adekola, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
Department of Medical Laboratory Services
Published
2015-07-30
Section
Original Research Articles