A prospective observational study of drug compliance among hypertension patients in a tertiary care hospital.

  • Ram S Kaulgud Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli.
  • Rekha Arun Walwekar Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli.
  • Vijayalaxmi P B SDM Medical College, Dharwad
Keywords: drug compliance, rural population, hypertension

Abstract

Objectives: 1) To determine the proportion of treatment compliance among hypertensive study participants. 2) To identify social demographic factors that affect treatment compliance among hypertensive study participants.

Methodology: Study was descriptive cross- sectional design, which was conducted in K.I.M.S. Hubli. The study population was hypertensive patients who are on antihypertensives, attended the medicine OPD. A total of 253 patients were included in the study and the study used simple random sampling. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. P ?0.05 was considered statistical significant.

Results: 160 (63.2%) participants had good compliance and 93 (36.8%) participants had poor compliance to treatment. Patients with formal education level had high good compliance (61.9%) compared to those without education (20.6%). Employed were more compliant (70%) compared with unemployed (28.1%). Participants on 2 antihypertensives were more compliant (58.8%) than participants on single or >2 antihypertensives. Participants without alcohol consumption were more compliant (85%) than who consumes alcohol. Participants who received advice from treating doctor were more compliant (81.9%) than participants without advice.

Conclusions and Recommendation: This study showed low compliance to antihypertensive treatment. It is recommended that hypertensive patients should be counseled regularly to improve the compliance to antihypertensive drugs.

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Author Biographies

Ram S Kaulgud, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli.

Assistant Professor,
Department of Internal Medicine,

Rekha Arun Walwekar, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli.
Post graduate student, Department of Pharmacology
Vijayalaxmi P B, SDM Medical College, Dharwad
Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
Published
2017-07-28
Section
Original Research Articles

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