Assessment of Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Status in Common Haemoglobin Phenotypes in Osun State, Southwestern Nigeria

  • Ajibola Kabiru Ajibola Ladoke Akintola University, College of Science, Osogbo
  • Oduola Taofeeq Department of Chemical Pathology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto,
  • Kamoru Ademola Adedokun Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Saud University Medical City, Riyadh. KSA http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9833-3011
  • Oparinde Dolapo P. Department of Chemical Pathology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Osogbo, Osun State
  • Ayelagbe Olubunmi G. Department of Chemical Pathology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Osogbo, Osun State
  • Ojokuku Hammed Olusegun Department of Chemical Pathology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Osogbo, Osun State
Keywords: Glutathione peroxidase, lipid peroxidation, malondialdehyde, sickle cell disease, superoxide dismutase

Abstract

Background: Generally speaking, erythrocyte haemoglobin (Hb) is pro-oxidant in nature constantly generating superoxide (O2˙ˉ) species in biological system of all Hb phenotypes. Sometimes, this reactive oxygen species (ROS) triggers lipid peroxidation with eventual rise in oxidative stress, particularly when the supposed self-sustaining antioxidant defence system is overwhelmed. Worse still, abnormal Hb generates multiple of O2˙ˉ specie. Recent evidence has linked abnormal haemoglobins S and C in sickle cell diseases (SCD) to various complications with multiple pro-oxidant processes; however, similar studies in relation with abnormal haemoglobin traits are sparse. More so, reports on rate of activities of various antioxidant enzymes in SCDs are still contradictory. This study aimed to assess interplay between lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defence capacity in various haemoglobin variants.

Method: A total number of 150 participants with different haemoglobin variants were recruited. Plasma levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), total antioxidant status (TAS), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) enzymes were assayed using spectrophotometric method.

Result: The results showed that plasma levels of MDA and erythrocytic SOD were significantly increased (P<0.05) in abnormal haemoglobins in that order of HbSS >HbSC >HbAC >HbAS, when compared with controls (HbAA). Conversely, plasma levels of GPx and TAS showed significant reductions (p<0.05), respectively.

Conclusion: The results suggest that both sickle cell diseases and the carriers were  relatively more vulnerable to systemic oxidative stress (in that order of HbSS> HbSC > HbAC >HbAS) contrary to normal haemoglobin phenotype, possibly owing to ineffective antioxidant mechanisms needed for keeping spontaneous generation of free radicals in control.

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Published
2018-11-26
How to Cite
1.
Ajibola A, Taofeeq O, Adedokun K, P. O, G. A, Olusegun O. Assessment of Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Status in Common Haemoglobin Phenotypes in Osun State, Southwestern Nigeria. IJBR [Internet]. 26Nov.2018 [cited 16Dec.2018];9(11):380-6. Available from: https://ssjournals.com/index.php/ijbr/article/view/4704
Section
Original Research Articles