Application of WHONET software for assessing multi drug resistant, extensive drug resistant and pan drug resistant Enterococci from critically ill patients

  • Rima Kapoor
  • Summaiya Mullan Professor & Head, Microbiology Department, MP. Shah Government Medical College, Jamnagar (Gujarat)
Keywords: Enterococcus, WHONET software, drug resistant

Abstract

Objective: This study was conducted for analysing multidrug resistant profile of Enterococcus species, prevalent in Intensive care unit of a tertiary care centre and to study its antimicrobial susceptibility pattern.

Design and Setting: It is a prospective study design conducted in the Intensive care units of a tertiary care hospital.

Method: All Enterococci isolated from the study period were included in the study. Analysis for multidrug resistance, Extensive drug resistance and Pan drug resistance from all critical areas was carried out using WHONET software.  Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Enterococci was also studied.

Result: 4819 samples were studied for isolation of Enterococci. Total 259 Enterococci could be isolated, amongst which 33 were from Intensive Care Unit. 20 belonged to multi drug resistant category and were later found to be extensive drug resistant and 1 isolate belonged to Pan drug resistance category.

Conclusion: Early detection and close monitoring of MDR, XDR, and PDR bacterial strains must be commenced by all clinical microbiology laboratories to reduce the menace of antimicrobial resistance which is now a global problem.

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References

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Lim C, Takahashi E, Hongsuwan M, Wuthiekanun V, Thamlikitkul V, Hinjoy S et al. Epidemiology and burden of multidrug-resistant bacterial infection in a developing country. eLife. 2016; 5.

Bhatt P, Patel A, Sahni A, Praharaj A, Grover N, Chaudhari C et al. Emergence of multidrug resistant enterococci at a tertiary care centre. Medical Journal Armed Forces India. 2015; 71(2):139-144.

Vincent J. International Study of the Prevalence and Outcomes of Infection in Intensive Care Units. JAMA. 2009; 302(21):2323.
Published
2018-11-27
How to Cite
1.
Kapoor R, Mullan S. Application of WHONET software for assessing multi drug resistant, extensive drug resistant and pan drug resistant Enterococci from critically ill patients. IJBR [Internet]. 27Nov.2018 [cited 16Dec.2018];9(11):387-90. Available from: https://ssjournals.com/index.php/ijbr/article/view/4970
Section
Original Research Articles