Primary treatment modalities for temporomandibular disorders
Temporomandibular disorder is a very common problem encountering up to 33 of individual in their lifetime. These disorders include muscular conditions, such as myofacial pain and disorders affecting the temporomandibular joint complex, such as disc replacement disorders and arthritic diseases. This paper outlines temporomandibular disorder`s etiologic factors, treatment goals, home care, and psychologic support / intervention in stress management.
Barrett SG. Diagnosis and treatment in prosthondontics: By William R. Laney, DMD, MS, and Joseph A. Gibilisco, DDS, MSD Published by Lea & Febiger. pp. 561. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 1985; 23(4):309.
Okeson JP. Management of Temporomandibular Disorders and Occlusion-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences; 2014 Jul 21.
Bhalajhi SI, Iyyer BS, Bhalajhi SI. Orthodontics: The art and science. Arya (Medi) Publ.; 2003.
Tripathi KD. Essentials of pharmacology for dentistry. Jaypee Brothers Medical; 2011.
“Destressitizers” by the Journal of the Canadian Medical Association.
Satheesh Simha Reddy Panga, Ravi Sekhar, G Raja Sekhar. Diagnosis and treatment modalities for temporomandibular disorder. International Journal of Prostodontics and Restorative Dentistry 2011; 1(30): 192-195.
Ajanovic M, Loncarevic AS, Kazazic LD, Bejtovic B, Strujic S, Smajkic N. The Prevalence of Symptoms and Signs of Temporomandibular Dysfunctions in Patients with the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Prevalence; 2015(2016): 2017.
Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Biomedical Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- An author must submit Copyright form After acceptance of the article.