Assessment of 'diabetes related attitudes' among healthcare professionals
Introduction: The burden of managing diabetes mellitus in developing countries primarily lies with the healthcare professionals. Improper diabetes related practice by healthcare professionals could cause adverse outcome among their patients. Despite high prevalence of diabetes, studies assessing the attitudes of healthcare professionals towards the disease are limited.
Aim: The study aims to assess the attitudes of healthcare professionals towards diabetes and compare them among subgroups of healthcare professionals.
Materials & methods: This study adopting the questionnaire of Diabetes Attitude Scale-3 (DAS-3) which analyses attitudes of individuals across five subscales, was performed among 100 healthcare professionals (doctors and nurses)involved in clinical management of diabetes. They were sub-grouped as doctors and nurses; for comparison and analysis.
Results: The study demonstrated an overall positive attitude towards diabetes. The mean overall score by healthcare professionals on their attitude towards diabetes was 3.74 ± 0.24. Among subscales, ‘need for special training’ has the maximum score of 4.39 ± 0.36 while the ‘value of tight control’ scored the lowest with 3.41 ± 0.45. The p-value, comparing the attitudes between doctors and nurses showed highly significant difference (p< 0.01) on the ‘seriousness of diabetes’ and ‘value for tight control’; with doctors scoring more than nurses. However, nurses showed higher positive attitudes towards ‘patient autonomy’ than doctors (p< 0.01).
Conclusion: Lack of strong positive attitudes towards diabetes among healthcare professionals could adversely affect patient education and disease management. Specialized training programs and CME’s focused on improving diabetes related attitudes are for all healthcare professionals would enhance the quality of care.
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