Comparative studies of the phytochemistry, proximate analysis, mineral and vitamin compositions of the methanol leaf extracts of Cucumis sativus L. and Daucus carota L.
AbstractCucumis sativus and Daucus carota are medicinal plants used in folkloric medicine to treat and prevent various diseases but the basis for this has not been highlighted. Quantitative phytochemicial analysis revealed the presence of anthocyanins, flavonoids, carotenoids and pyrrolidine in D. carota leaf methanol extract but in C. sativus only flavonoids and carotenoids was found present although in a lower amounts. Proximate analysis revealed that both plants methanol leaf extracts contain moisture, protein, carbohydrate, fat, fiber and ash. The moisture content of C. sativus (95 0.02%) was more than that of D. Carota (82.20 0.01%) but the protein, carbohydrate, fat, ash and fiber contents of D. Carota was more than that of C. sativus . The mineral compositions also revealed the presence of Ca, P, Mg, Fe,Zn,Na, and K in both C.sativus and D. carota although in various proportions. The P, Ca, Mg, Fe and Na contents in D. carota were more than that of C. Sativus , but C . sativus has a higher Zn and K contents than D. carota . The vitamin analysis also revealed the presence of important vitamins including A, B 1 , B 2, B 6 , C,E, niacin and folate. The vitamin A content of D. carota were very high (2,901 0.02g) compared to that of C. Sativus (23 0.01g). These important macroelements, minerals and vitamins embedded in these important plants may be the reasons behind its use in forklore medicine for its various dietary and therapeutic applications.
Download data is not yet available.
How to Cite
Augustine Dick E, Onyemaechi John O, Pierre Noa A, Charles Uwaifiokun O, Ikenna Elvis N. Comparative studies of the phytochemistry, proximate analysis, mineral and vitamin compositions of the methanol leaf extracts of Cucumis sativus L. and Daucus carota L. IJPR [Internet]. 30Aug.2016 [cited 19Feb.2019];6(8):282-5. Available from: https://ssjournals.com/index.php/ijpr/article/view/2995
Copyright (c) 2016 International Journal of Pharmacological Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- Author must Submit Copyright form After acceptance of Article