Causes Of Eye Dryness – Learn The Most Common Causes And Tips For Treatment


Eye dryness, or dry eye disease, is a common condition that occurs when the eyes do not produce enough tears or the tears evaporate too quickly.

This leads to discomfort and irritation. Understanding the causes of eye dryness can help sufferers find the right treatments and lifestyle changes to cure dry eyes.

In this article, we will discuss the symptoms, causes, treatment tips, preventive methods, precautions, and frequently asked questions about dry eyes.

What Is Eye Dryness? 

Eye dryness, known medically as keratoconjunctivitis sicca, results from reduced tear production or excessive tear evaporation.

Eye Drynes

This causes the eyes to lose moisture, leading to irritation and inflammation of the eye surface and inner eyelids. It is a chronic problem that usually affects both eyes.

Symptoms Of Eye Dryness 

Common symptoms of dry eyes include:

  • Scratchy, gritty, burning, stinging or itchy sensation
  • Stringy mucus in or around the eyes
  • Redness, pain, and blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light, smoke, or windy conditions
  • The feeling of having something in the eye
  • Watery eyes that paradoxically lack adequate tears
  • Fatigue from eye strain or difficulty keeping eyes open

Causes Of Eye Dryness 

Some major causes of dry eyes include:

  • Age-related decrease in tear production
  • Autoimmune disorders like Sjogren’s syndrome
  • Medications with drying side effects
  • Environmental factors like pollution, smoke
  • Staring at digital screens for long periods
  • Natural hormonal changes or menopause
  • Nerve damage or reflex blockage
  • Chronic inflammation of eyelid glands
  • Bacterial eye infections that clog glands
  • Lasik, cataract surgery, or other eye procedures

Tips To Cure Dry Eyes

 Home treatments that can provide relief include:

  • Using over-the-counter lubricating eye drops as needed
  • Applying warm compresses to eyelids to melt oil glands
  • Wearing moisture-sealing glasses or goggles
  • Stopping medications that cause dry eyes if possible
  • Adding omega-3s and other healthy fats to your diet
  • Limiting time on digital devices and taking breaks
  • Getting adequate sleep gives the eyes time to recover
  • Using a humidifier to add moisture to indoor air

Prevention Methods 

You can help prevent dry eyes by:

  • Maintaining good eyelid hygiene with cleansers
  • Wearing wraparound glasses outside to block wind
  • Quitting smoking which dries eyes over time
  • Staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water
  • Blinking more frequently when reading or using screens
  • Avoiding rubbing your eyes which further irritates them


See an ophthalmologist promptly if you have:

  • Unexplained vision changes
  • Eye pain, swelling, or discharge
  • Redness, burning, or gritty sensation that doesn’t improve
  • Signs of eye infection
  • Fatigue, headaches, or light sensitivity from eye strain


Dry eye disease is a frustrating condition that makes eyes feel irritated, gritty, and uncomfortable. Eye dryness has many causes including aging, autoimmune disorders, environment, medications, gland issues, and eye surgeries.

Combining over-the-counter drops, lifestyle changes like diet, and managing screen time can help cure dry eyes.

See a doctor if symptoms persist or vision problems arise. With a proactive treatment plan, dry eye sufferers can find relief.


1. Does eye dryness go away?

There is no cure for chronic dry eyes, but with continued treatment using lubricating eye drops and lifestyle changes, symptoms can be managed and most patients find adequate relief.

2. Can dry eyes cause blindness?

Severe dry eyes may cause corneal damage leading to vision impairment or blindness if left untreated. However, this is very rare. Managing dry eyes helps prevent complications.

3. What is the fastest way to get rid of dry eyes?

Using preservative-free eye drops as needed provides the quickest relief for most cases of dry eye. Also, limit screen time, avoid airborne irritants, use a humidifier, and apply warm compresses to treat eye dryness.

4. Are eggs good for dry eyes?

Yes, eggs are nutritious food for dry eyes. The lutein and omega-3s in eggs help reduce inflammation. Eggs also contain vitamin A for eye health. Enjoy them boiled, poached or scrambled.

5. Can lack of sleep cause dry eyes?

Yes, lack of sleep can contribute to dry eyes. Eye strain, incomplete closing of eyes during sleep, and effects on oil glands reduce tear production. Aim for 7-9 hours of uninterrupted sleep daily.

Dr. Jun Ren is a dedicated and experienced registered dietitian and nutritionist who is committed to helping people achieve their health goals through personalized nutrition plans. With a passion for promoting healthy eating habits and preventing chronic diseases, Dr. Ren has been able to assist numerous clients in improving their overall quality of life.

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