Artificial Intelligence, Automated diagnosis, Customized treatment, Clinical Decision Support Systems, Neural Network, Virtual systems
Artificial intelligence (AI) with advancement of technology has experienced remarkable growth and development in the field of dentistry. AI is an excellent tool that performs several tasks from diagnosis, treatment planning, predicting the outcome and prognosis particularly in the field of orthodontics based on individual preferences and constructed algorithm models. The present review was carried out to discuss briefly on the role and impact of AI in the field of orthodontics. It was observed that most of the AI models are based on artificial neural networks (ANNs) and convolutional neural networks (CNNs) systems widely used for Cephalometric landmarks identification, image recognition, decision making system to assist treatment planning, prediction of need for extraction and/or orthognathic surgeries, evaluating the cervical vertebrae growth pattern and maturation, predicting the facial attractiveness and post-orthognathic surgery facial profile. Further research on application of AI should be carried out focusing on formulating and establishing cloud-based platforms, integrating large data to improve learning algorithms and construct advanced automated decision making model systems with high specificity, precision, reliability to predict exact outcomes within a short span of time and improve the quality of life.
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