The external findings are utmost important in the opinion formation during autopsy of hanging deaths. Thus the current study was done with the aim of studying the significance of external findings in hanging cases during post-mortem examination in the Department of FMT, RIMS, Ranchi prospectively from 1st March, 2013 to 30th May, 2014. Majority of cases of hanging had not received any treatment. In maximum cases the nature of suspension was complete type. Atypical hangings were seen in most cases. Most commonly used ligature materials were Jute Rope and Dupatta. In majority cases the ligature mark was above the thyroid cartilage followed by at and above the thyroid cartilage. In maximum cases the position of knot was present at occipital region of the neck, followed by at over left mastoid region of the neck. In majority of case the ligature mark was prominent and discontinuous. The colour of ligature mark was dark brown in more than half of the cases followed by yellowish brown. In majority of cases the post-mortem staining was present. Only about 39% of cases the dried salivary stain was found. Involuntary discharge was seen only in 17% of cases. Tongue protrusion was found in 29.87 % of cases.
Aaron R, Joseph A, Abraham S, Muliyil J, George K, Prasad J, et al. Suicides In Young People In Rural Southern India. Lancet, 2004; 363(9415): 11178.
Pillay VV. Textbook of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, 14thEdition, Paras Publication, 2004.
Ballur Mallikarjun S. Thesis, 2013 Analytical Study Of Deaths Due To Hanging Cases Reported At Dr.B.R.Ambedkar Medical College Mortuary During 2010-2012.
Sudheer TS, Nagaraja TV. A Study of Ligature Mark in Cases of Hanging Deaths. Int J Pharm Biomed Sci, 2012; 3(3): 80-84.
Patel AP, Bansal A, Shah JV, Shah KA. Study of Hanging Cases at Ahmedabad Region. J Indian Acad Forensic Med. 2012; 34(4):342-345.
Meera Th, Singh MBK. Pattern of Neck Findings In Suicidal Hanging- A Study In Manipur. J Indian Acad Forensic Med, 2011; 33(4):352-354.
Charoonnate N, Narongchai P, Vongvaivet S. Fractures of Hyoid Bone and Thyroid Cartilage in Suicidal Hanging. J Med Assoc Thai, 2010; 93(10):1211-1216.
Saiyed MZG, Modi KA. Retrospective Study of Postmortem Cases of Hanging A Method of Suicide. Journal of Medical Sciences, 2013; 2(2): 48-50.
Feigin G. Frequency of Neck Organ Fractures in Hanging. American Journal of Forensic Medicine & Pathology, 1999; 20(2): 128-130.
Simonsen J. Patho-anatomic findings in neck structures in asphyxiation due to hanging: a survey of 80 cases. Forensic Science International 1988; 38:83-91.
Naik SK, Patil DY. Fracture Of Hyoid Bone In Cases Of Asphyxia Deaths Resulting From Constricting Force Round The Neck. J Indian Acad Forensic Med, 2005; 27 (3):149-153.
Vijaynath V, Anitha MR ,Rajan K.A Stududy of autopsy profile in cases of hanging . Journal of Forensic Medicineand Toxicology.2009;26(1):34-36.
Copyright (c) 2016 International Journal of Biomedical and Advance Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.