Comparative Antidiabetic Study of Phytochemicals
Diabetes, Dyslipidemia, Mangiferin, Citral, Camphene, Oxidatives – Stress
Objective : Phytochemicals which are derived from medicinal plants having properties to cure the early stage of diabetes and its complications according to various preliminary studies. Mangiferin, Camphene and Citral are a major chemical component of Mangifera indica (mango), Zingiber officinale (ginger) and Cymbopogon citratus (lemongrass), respectively has been reported multiple biological activities like antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic antidyslipidemic, antimicrobial, antitumor etc. Aim of this study was to compare the anti-dyslipidemic, anti-diabetic as well as antioxidant effects of Mangiferin, Camphene and Citral on streptozotocin (STZ) + high-fat diet (HFD) induced diabetic dyslipidemic rats.
Material and Methods : Diabetes was induced by through an STZ at a dose of 35 mg/kg/b.w injected intraperitoneally (ip). Plasma insulin and Glycosylated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) were estimated by kits. Free Fatty Acids (FFA), Triglycerides (TG), Phospholipids, Small dense lipoproteins (s-LDL) and total cholesterol (TC) were also estimated in blood serum by using kits. Other biochemical parameters like Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT), Glutathione peroxidase (GPx), Reductase and reduced Glutathione (GSH) were estimated in the pancreas, skeletal muscles and adipose tissue homogenates spectrophotometrically. Results : Citral has shown more degree of anti-hyperglycemic activity and antioxidant activity than mangiferin and camphene do. But, all three have produced a similar degree of hypolipidemic activity.
Conclusion : Current study shows that mangiferin, camphene and citral possess significant antidiabetic, antidyslipidemic and antioxidant properties thus it will provide new direction in the herbal treatment of diabetic dyslipidemia and related cardiovascular complications.
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