Vitamin B12, Lactovegetarians, Flourometric enzyme immuno assay
Background: Vitamin B12 is a biologically active corrinoid, a group of cobalt containing compounds with macrocyclic pyrrol rings. Vitamin B12 deficiency is characterized by megaloblastic anemia, fatigue, weakness, constipation, loss of appetite, and weight loss. It is also associated with osteoporosis, infertility and postpartum depression in female. Neurological changes, such as numbness and tingling in the hands and feet, can also occur.
Materials and Methods: Records of the patients who tested for vitamin B12 during April 2011 to September 2011 were analyzed. Secondary data on vitamin B12 level, age, referring unit, religion and dietary history of these patients were obtain from hospital records.
Results: Elderly female and vegetarians are at substantial risk to develop B12 deficiency. The magnitude of the prevalence of B12 deficiency estimated in our population strengthens the argument that B12 deficiency is more prevalent in Indian female.
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