Friedewald formula, Direct LDL estimation, diabetes mellitus
Background: Leukemia is a type of the cancers that needs careful registration and reporting among Saudi hospitals. Leukemia is defined as neoplastic proliferation of abnormal white blood cells (WBCs). Methods: This study was conducted to investigate the incidence of leukemia in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, to determine which age group leukemia most commonly affects and also to identify which region in Saudi Arabia is mostly targeted by leukemia. A quantitative observational retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the reported cases of leukemia was conducted based on the reports of Saudi Cancer Registry (SCR) in the Ministry of Health (MOH) at Saudi Arabia about leukemia in all regions from the period of January to December 2009.A P-value 0.05 was considered statistically significant with confidence interval (CI) of 95%. Results: 619 cases of leukemia were reported. Males are slightly more affected with leukemia by 343 cases (55.4%) than females by 276 cases (44.6%). Patients who are 75+ old of age are the commonly affected age group with leukemia by 20.8 per 100,000 for males and 10.3 per 100,000 for females. Najran was the commonly affected region with leukemia by 7.3 per 100,000 for males and 5.9 per 100,000 for females. The commonly morphological distribution of leukemia was acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by 133 cases (39%) for males and 108 cases (39%) for females. Conclusion: Further studies and reports are needed to identify the risk factors targeting a specific age group and specific region in Saudi Arabia with leukemia.
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