Objective: the study was designed to look in if there was any role for protein oxidation markers [like Advanced Oxidation Protein Products (AOPP) and Ischemia Modified Albumin (IMA)] in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and effect of number of risk factors of MetS on the level of these protein oxidation markers.
Method: A total of 165 (n) patients were included in the study. Patients were divided into four groups based on presence or absence of 5 cardiovascular risk factors specified in revised NCEP (rNCEP) definition for MetS. Comparisons of the examined groups were statistically analysed by the application of Studentsttest. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by multiple comparison post hoc Fisher test were used for the analysis of differences between the groups with different numbers of risk factors of MetS.
Results: Both AOPP and IMA values significantly correlated with waist circumference, glucose, HDL-Ch and TG (p value < 0.05). AOPP and IMA values between control group and the rest of the groups showed significant difference (p value <0.05). Systolic BP however, did not show significant association with AOPP as well as with IMA (p values 0.139 and 0.083 respectively).
Conclusion: On the basis of the findings from the present study, it may be concluded that oxidative protein modification markers, both AOPP and IMA are increased in metabolic syndrome. In addition, increased AOPP and IMA even prior to the development of MetS, may be used to prevent the development of MetS. However, it requires confirmation by further studies.
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