The herb Nardostachys jatamansi DC. is known to be a popular medicinal and aromatic plant species. It is a reputed Ayurvedic herb and used in various multiple formulations. It has also been mentioned in the Holy Bible and Quran. The roots and rhizomes of Nardostachys jatamansi DC. have been used to treat epilepsy, hysteria, syncope and mental weakness.It also exhibits cardio protective activity and used in the treatment of neural diseases. The essential oil obtained from the roots of jatamansi showed various pharmacological activity including antimicrobial, antifungal, hypotensive, antiarrhythmic and anticonvulsant activity. Sesquiterpene is the major component of this plant, others include jatamansone, nardostachone. But this reputed plant species have become critically endangered and requires various conservation strategies. The review summarizes the conservation methodologies being investigated on the plant as well as its phytochemical and pharmacological investigations.
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