Introduction: Idiopathic interstitial pneumonia, also known as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, is a type of diffuse parenchymal lung disease of unknown etiology. Osmanthus Fragrans, referred to as sweet olives, possesses various functions, including neuro-protection, the scavenging of free radicals, and anti-oxidation. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) is a vital growth factor that is essential for regulating cell growth, differentiation, immune-regulation, and extracellular matrices. This study investigates the mechanism underlying water extract of Osmanthus fragrans on the regulation of pulmonary cellular fibrosis.
Materials and Methods: The HFL-1 cells, human lung fibroblasts, were cultured with 5 ng/mL of TGF-β1 for 24 h. After the induction of cellular fibrosis, 200 μg/mL water extract of Osmanthus fragrans was added and cultured for another 24 h. Subsequently, the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to quantify the extracellular fibronectin, and Western blot analysis was conducted to examine the expression of TGF-β1 and its downstream SMAD proteins.
Results: The findings indicated that 200 μg/mL of water extract of Osmanthus fragrans significantly attenuates TGF-β1-induced increase in fibronectin. In addition, Osmanthus fragrans dramatically suppresses TGF-β1-induced increases in the expression of pSmad2/3.
Conclusion: We propose that water extract of Osmanthus fragrans is a potential fibrosis antagonist for lung fibroblasts. Thus, water extract of Osmanthus fragrans may exert its beneficial effects through suppressing post-receptor signaling of TGF-β1 and restoring lung fibroblasts cells character by blocking the expression of pSmad2/3.
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